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Test class to the bellow simple batch class,

Hi all, 
I wrote an batch apex class, 
Till now i wrote 15 Test classes in my experience so that i am not able to create a test class to the bellow class in proper way, can any body explain me with the test class,  it gets healpfull to me to my practice,,,, Thanks in advance,, 

The class is: 
global class batchAccountUpdate implements database.batchable<sObject>{
    global database.querylocator start(database.batchablecontext bc){
        string sql = 'select id,name from account';
        return database.getquerylocator(sql);
    global void execute(database.batchablecontext bc, list<account> scope){
        list<account> lst = new list<account>();
        for(account a:scope){
        update scope;
    global void finish(database.batchablecontext bc){}
Hi Venkey,

try this code, hope it will help you. However for more informaiton please go through the link.​ (
public static testMethod void testBatch() {
   user u = [SELECT ID, UserName FROM User 
             WHERE username='<b>'</b>];<i><b>//replace with your system admin username</b></i>
// Create 200 test accounts - this simulates one execute.  
// Important - the test framework only allows you to 
// test one execute.  

   List <Account> accns = new List<Account>();
      for(integer i = 0; i<200; i++){
         Account a = new Account(Name='testAccount'+'i', 
                     Ownerid = u.ID); 
   insert accns;
   batchAccountUpdate batcht = new batchAccountUpdate();
   ID batchprocessid = Database.executeBatch(batcht);

   System.AssertEquals(database.countquery('SELECT COUNT()'+' FROM Account WHERE OwnerId=\'' + u.Id + '\''),       200);  

Rahul BorgaonkarRahul Borgaonkar
Please check this link
check Testing Batch Apex section at the bottom

Hi Sankar, 
The code was given by u is perfect but i dont undestand that y you took the user and for what that for loop is to 200,,
if you dont mind can you please explain with line by line by comments...
Amit Chaudhary 8Amit Chaudhary 8
Please try below code :-
private class TestCleanUpBatchClass 
	public static testMethod void testBatch() 
		List <Account> accns = new List<Account>();
		for(integer i = 0; i<200; i++)
			Account a = new Account( Name='testAccount'+'i' ); 

		insert accns;
		   batchAccountUpdate  batcht = new batchAccountUpdate();
		// Add Assert Method here

Please reffer below blog for more detail in test classes :-

Please follow below salesforce Best Practice for Test Classes :-

1. Test class must start with @isTest annotation if class class version is more than 25
2. Test environment support @testVisible , @testSetUp as well
3. Unit test is to test particular piece of code working properly or not .
4. Unit test method takes no argument ,commit no data to database ,send no email ,flagged with testMethod keyword .
5. To deploy to production at-least 75% code coverage is required 
6. System.debug statement are not counted as a part of apex code limit.
7. Test method and test classes are not counted as a part of code limit
9. We should not focus on the  percentage of code coverage ,we should make sure that every use case should covered including positive, negative,bulk and single record .
Single Action -To verify that the the single record produces the correct an expected result .
Bulk action -Any apex record trigger ,class or extension must be invoked for 1-200 records .
Positive behavior : Test every expected behavior occurs through every expected permutation , i,e user filled out every correctly data and not go past the limit .
Negative Testcase :-Not to add future date , Not to specify negative amount.
Restricted User :-Test whether a user with restricted access used in your code .10. Test class should be annotated with @isTest .
11 . @isTest annotation with test method  is equivalent to testMethod keyword .
12. Test method should static and no void return type .
13. Test class and method default access is private ,no matter to add access specifier .
14. classes with @isTest annotation can't be a interface or enum .
15. Test method code can't be invoked by non test request .
16. Stating with salesforce API 28.0 test method can not reside inside non test classes .
17. @Testvisible annotation to make visible private methods inside test classes.
18. Test method can not be used to test web-service call out . Please use call out mock .
19. You can't  send email from test method.
20.User, profile, organization, AsyncApexjob, Corntrigger, RecordType, ApexClass, ApexComponent ,ApexPage we can access without (seeAllData=true) .
21. SeeAllData=true will not work for API 23 version eailer .
22. Accessing static resource test records in test class e,g List<Account> accList=Test.loadData(Account,SobjectType,'ResourceName').
23. Create TestFactory class with @isTest annotation to exclude from organization code size limit .
24. @testSetup to create test records once in a method  and use in every test method in the test class .
25. We can run unit test by using Salesforce Standard UI, IDE ,Console ,API.
26. Maximum number of test classes run per 24 hour of period is  not grater of 500 or 10 multiplication of test classes of your organization.
27. As apex runs in system mode so the permission and record sharing are not taken into account . So we need to use system.runAs to enforce record sharing .
28. System.runAs will not enforce user permission or field level permission .
29. Every test to runAs count against the total number of DML issued in the process .

Please let me know if this will help you

Amit Chaudhary